One one end, in an oval aperture in the fretwork can be read "Lachenal & Co, Patent Concertina Manufacturer, London". At the other end is a serial number,52313 (originally thought to be 58313), dating it from around 1911. The original thin white linen baffles are present.
It has its original wooden box with velvet lining (in poor condition). Unfortunately this held it in an 'ends-up' position, which was not good for it.
It is an English concertina, which means that it produces the same note when a key is pressed, regardless of whether the bellows are going in or out. The other main type of concertina is the Anglo, which gives different notes according to bellows direction, like a mouth organ does.
The biggest problem was a very badly cracked pad board at one end (and smaller cracks at the other). The edging was detached from the pad board on three sides. You can see the state of the pad board in this picture. The thumbstraps were poor and homemade, and the finger rest leathers worn out. The exterior varnish or french polish was badly blistered, and the fretwork was cracked and absent in places.
The reeds are brass, with the C1 on the left side arrived broken (had reed carrier but no tongue visible). Two others didn't work well. Interestingly the low G on the right appeared to be tuned to an F# on the pull and G on the push, presumably to increase the range. It was not in concert pitch, being about 50 cents sharp, so in old London Philharmonic pitch.
The padboard literally fell into two along the crack, so I reglued it tight, and filled the (still large) cracks from the wood shinkage initially with two-part epoxy wood filler, then with fine plastic wood, and sanded smooth.
I replaced about a dozen pads. I got two new replacement reeds from Concertina Spares, along with a kit to rebuild the thumbstraps.
The instrument now played, although it was still slightly leaky. It sounded quite good, though still in old pitch.